Define multiple Angular apps in one page

Recently in my previous post, I have posted about Different ways of bootstrapping AngularJS app, where you can either auto-bootstrap using ng-app attribute or manually bootstrap using angular.bootstrap function. And also mentioned in angular interview questions that "Only one AngularJS application can be auto-bootstrapped per HTML document." Which means that your page can only have single ng-app attribute. If you put multiple ng-app attribute, only first will be considered and the rest will be ignored.


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Let's see with an example. In the below code, there are 2 ng-app present on the page.
<div ng-app="firstApp">
  <div ng-controller="FirstController">
    <p>1: {{ desc }}</p>
  </div>
</div>

<div ng-app="secondApp">
  <div ng-controller="SecondController">
    <p>2: {{ desc }}</p>
  </div>
</div>

<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/angular.js/1.3.7/angular.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
var firstApp = angular.module('firstApp', []);
firstApp.controller('FirstController', function($scope) {
    $scope.desc = "First app.";
});

var secondApp = angular.module('secondApp', []);
secondApp.controller('SecondController', function($scope) {
    $scope.desc = "Second app.";
});
</script>
And below is the output. Out of 2 ng-app present on the page, the first one gets initialized and works as expected. Output also shows the same.
1: First app.
2: {{ desc }}

Then how can you define 2 different angular apps on the same page? Well, there are a couple of ways to implement this.

Manually bootstrapping each app

You can manually bootstrap both the application using angular.bootstrap() as we have seen in Different ways of bootstrapping AngularJS app.
var firstApp = angular.module('firstApp', []);
firstApp.controller('FirstController', function($scope) {
   $scope.desc = "First app. ";
});

var secondApp = angular.module('secondApp', []);
secondApp.controller('SecondController', function($scope) {
  $scope.desc = "Second app. ";
});

var dvFirst = document.getElementById('dvFirst');
var dvSecond = document.getElementById('dvSecond');

angular.element(document).ready(function() {
   angular.bootstrap(dvFirst, ['firstApp']);
   angular.bootstrap(dvSecond, ['secondApp']);
});
Since we are bootstrapping them manually, make sure to remove ng-app attribute from the HTML page.

Manually bootstrapping second app

You can also manually bootstrap the second app, where the first app gets initialized via ng-app
var firstApp = angular.module('firstApp', []);
firstApp.controller('FirstController', function($scope) {
   $scope.desc = "First app. ";
});

var secondApp = angular.module('secondApp', []);
secondApp.controller('SecondController', function($scope) {
  $scope.desc = "Second app. ";
});

var dvSecond = document.getElementById('dvSecond');

angular.element(document).ready(function() {
   angular.bootstrap(dvSecond, ['secondApp']);
});
So make sure that there is ng-app present on the page for first app.

Using dependency injection to inject both in root app

You can define a root level app using ng-app and then inject both the apps as module in root app.
var rootApp = angular.module('rootApp', ['firstApp','secondApp']);
var firstApp = angular.module('firstApp', []);
firstApp.controller('FirstController', function($scope) {
   $scope.desc = "First app. ";
});

var secondApp = angular.module('secondApp', []);
secondApp.controller('SecondController', function($scope) {
  $scope.desc = "Second app. ";
});
And make sure any parent node (body/Parent div) is assigned with ng-app=rootApp".

Hope you find this useful!!!!!
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